Posts Tagged ‘iso 27001 documentation’

You have applied for ISO 27001:2013 Certification and you are about to undergo your Stage 1 audit. The auditor checks that your ISO 27001 documentation is up to the task. For many organizations, the documentation stage is the most time-consuming part of their ISO 27001 project. For some, documenting ISMS (Information Security Management System) can take up to 12 months.

Providing the ISO 27001:2013 Documentation for your information security management system (ISMS) is often the hardest part of achieving ISO 27001 Certification. ISO 27001 Documents can run into thousands of pages for more complex businesses.

To get started, there are three approaches to addressing ISO 27001 documentation:

ISO 27001 documents

1. Trial and error
Designing the ISMS yourself is very risky and the most time-consuming approach. An ISMS needs a huge amount of detail, and trial and error is a difficult way to tackle this task.

2. External expertise
The second approach is bringing external expert from experienced consultants. Though this offers a faster route than trial and error, it is substantially more expensive. ISO 27001 Consultants will need time to learn your systems and processes before they can start documenting them and any new systems or processes. The advantages of external expertise include considerable reduction of the risk of failure and overcoming resource issues.

3. ISO 27001 Documentation toolkits
ISO 27001 Documentation Toolkit can significantly reduce errors and save you a considerable amount of time and money. We highly recommend this approach and have designed a documentation toolkit that exactly meets the requirements of ISO 27001. The ISO 27001 Documentation Toolkit has been developed by ISO 27001 experts and provides all of the mandatory and supporting documentation templates you will require, and is more cost-effective than consultancy fees.

The toolkit includes:

  • A complete set of easy-to-use, customisable and fully ISO 27001-compliant documentation templates that will save you time and money;
  • Easy-to-use dashboards and gap analysis tools to ensure complete coverage of the Standard; and
  • Direction and guidance from expert ISO 27001 practitioners.
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If you are planning your ISO 27001 internal audit for the first time, you are probably puzzled by the complexity of the standard and what you should check out during the audit. So, you are looking for some kind of ISO 27001 Audit Checklist to help you with this task.

ISO 27001 Audit Checklist

Although they are helpful to an extent, there is no universal checklist that can fit your company needs perfectly, because every company is very different. However, you can create your own basic ISO 27001 audit checklist, customised to your organisation, without too much trouble.

Some Basics Steps in the ISO 27001 Internal Audit

1. Document review
In this step, you have to read ISO 27001 Documentation. You will need to understand processes in the ISMS, and find out if there are non-conformities in the documentation with regard to ISO 27001

2. Create the checklist
You make a checklist based on document review. i.e., read about the specific requirements of the policies, procedures and plans written in the ISO 27001 documentation and write them down so that you can check them during the main audit

3. Planning the main audit
Since there will be many things you need to check out, you should plan which departments and/or locations to visit and when – and your checklist will give you an idea on where to focus the most.

4. Performing the main audit
The main audit is very practical. You have to walk around the company and talk to employees, check the computers and other equipment, observe physical security, etc. Your previously prepared ISO 27001 audit checklist now proves it’s worth – if this is vague, shallow, and incomplete, it is probable that you will forget to check many key things. And you will need to take detailed notes.

5. Reporting
Once you finish your main audit, Summarize all the non-conformities and write the internal audit report. With the checklist and the detailed notes, a precise report should not be too difficult to write. From this report, corrective actions should be easy to record according to the documented corrective action procedure.

6. Follow up
It’s the internal auditor’s job to check whether all the corrective actions identified during the internal audit are addressed. Your checklist and notes can be very useful here to remind you of the reasons why you raised nonconformity in the first place. The internal auditor’s job is only finished when these are rectified and closed

What to include in your ISO 27001 Audit Checklist

Normally, the checklist for internal audit would contain 4 columns:

Reference – e.g. the clause number, section number of a policy, within the standard.

What to look for – what to examine, monitor, etc., during the main audit – whom to speak to, which questions to ask, records to look for, facilities to visit, equipment to check, etc.

Compliance – Simply, has the company has complied with the requirement?

Findings – Details of what you have found during the main audit – names of persons you spoke to, quotes of what they said, IDs and content of records you examined, description of facilities you visited, observations about the equipment you checked, etc.

So, the internal audit of ISO 27001, based on an ISO 27001 audit checklist, is not that difficult – it is rather straightforward: you need to follow what is required in the standard and what is required in the documentation, finding out whether staff are complying with the procedures.

With a good ISO 27001 audit checklist, your task will certainly be a lot easier.

To implement an ISO 27001 Certification Standard, you will need to implement a series of activities that were described in your document. Once that has been done, you will need to implement another series of steps during the final phase of the project.

The ISO 27001 Certification Audit Process

The ISO 27001 certification audit process is divided into 2 stages.

In Stage 1, the auditor verifies whether your ISO 27001 documentation complies with the standard.

In Stage 2, the auditor verifies that your Information Security Management System (ISMS) operates effectively, as documented and in compliance with ISO 27001.

This underlines the importance of how much you need to be perfect when writing the document according to the clauses of the ISO 27001 Standard. It also stresses the importance of implementing the information security system in your company.

Steps That Should Taken

After all, the proper documentation has been prepared and the implementation of the new business processes has been implemented, then you will need to perform these mandatory tasks before you can perform the actual audit.

  • Internal Audit
  • Management Review
  • Corrective and Preventive Actions

The purpose of an ISO 27001 internal audit is to get an independent auditor to come around and do the auditing and check whether the Information Security System is working properly.

The Management review is a process where the management takes into account all the relevant facts about an information security and make the appropriate decisions.

The company then takes into all the faults and problems that were found out during the internal audit and the management review and take steps to resolve. These are called corrective actions, and these should be taken so that when the time for an audit comes, you won’t have any failures occurring.

Once all of this has been done, you would want to go over everything again, double check it, so that you know that everything is in order before the actual ISO 27001 audit happens. This double check will ensure that every employee will know their task and specialities when the actual audit happens.

Information security breaches are becoming the new normal. Security teams must now take dedicated measures to reduce the risk of suffering a damaging breach. The only solution to the growing threat of cyber attacks is to implement a robust approach that tackles all aspects of information security and business continuity throughout the organisation.

ISO 27001 implementation will involve your whole organisation. An ISMS is specific to the organisation that implements it. The entire project, from scoping to certification, can take three months to a year depending on the complexity and size of the organisation.

Here are the most common elements of implementing ISMS:

Gap analysis
Conducting a gap analysis determines what is required from an organisation’s current information security process in order to meet the Standard’s requirements. It identifies the resources and capabilities an organisation needs to fill the gap.

Scope the ISMS
ISO 27001 Certification states that any scope of implementation may cover all or part of an organization. Scoping involves deciding which information assets are going to be protected. This is often a difficult and complicated process for larger organisations. If the project is incorrectly scoped, your organisation can be vulnerable to risks that had not been considered.

Develop an information security policy
An information security policy should be put in place that reflects the organisation’s view on information security. This policy will then need to be agreed by the board.

Conduct a risk assessment
A risk assessment is at the core of any ISMS. A risk assessor will identify the risks that an organisation faces and conduct a risk estimation and evaluation of those risks. The risk assessment helps to identify whether controls are necessary and cost-effective for the organisation.

Select controls
Controls should be put in place to reduce or manage risks after the risk assessment has been completed. ISO 27001 has its own list of best-practice controls that an organisation will need to compare its own controls against.

Create ISO 27001:2013 documentation
ISO 27001:2013 Documentation needs to be developed to support every planned control and component of the ISMS. This documentation will then establish a point of reference to ensure consistent application and improvement.

Implement a staff awareness programme
All staff members should receive information security training that will increase their awareness of information security issues.

Carry out regular testing
ISO 27001 requires regular audits and testing to be carried out. This is to ensure that the controls are working as they should be and that the incident response plans are functioning effectively.

Gain certification
The certification body will need to review your management system documentation and check that you have implemented all the appropriate controls. This will be followed by a site audit that will test the procedures in practice.

ISO 27001 is the international standard for best practices for an IT security management system (ISMS). The standard is applicable to all organizations regardless of their size, type, or nature.

Following are the top five reasons for IT Companies to be considering that why they need ISO 27001:2013 certification.

ISO 27001 Certification

  • Manage the risks to protect your precious data and intellectual property.
    ISO 27001 provides an approach to identify threats and vulnerabilities to which the organization is subject. Implementing and maintaining an ISO 27001 certified ISMS is the most effective way to reduce the risk of data breaches.
  • Get new business and maintain your existing clientele
    ISO 27001 Certification shows your current and potential customers that you are taking seriously the computer threats. It demonstrates credibility and can make the difference between winning and losing a tender. ISO 27001 Certification helps organisations expand into global markets.
  • Avoid the financial penalties and losses associated with data breaches
    Data breaches are costly and damaging to business. ISO 27001 is the recognized global benchmark for effective information resource management and allows organizations to avoid financial penalties and losses.
  • Comply with business, legal, contractual and regulatory requirements
    ISO 27001 is the only auditable international standard that defines the requirements of ISMS. The Standard is designed to help meet the requirements of various laws and regulations, including the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), Data Protection Act (DPA).
  • Improve your processes
    ISO 27001 provides a framework to implement policies and procedures across an organisation. This ensures that processes are consistent, repeatable and maintainable.

Accelerate your route to ISO 27001 compliance

Accelerate your route to ISO 27001 compliance with the documentation templates and guidance from industry experts in our ISO 27001 documentation toolkit. This toolkit provides all of the documents you need for ISMS that complies with ISO 27001.

Standard operating procedures – SOPs are a set of standardization procedures necessary for various processes. Standard Operating Procedure is step by step procedure or directions. ISO 27001 information security SOP document kit is very useful to those organizations who are interested in purchasing partial content of ISO 27001:2013 ISMS total documentation kit. It defines various processes and provides quick and easy answers to common Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) questions.

List of ISO 27001:2013 Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

ISO 27001 Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) includes a copy of SOP copies to connect the aspect issues organization. SOPs deals with all of these problems and is used as a training guide and to establish control and make the system for the organization. The ISO 27001 Standard Operating Procedures documents are 9 various SOPs help the organization to make the best Information security system and quick process improvements.

  1. Procedure for liaison with Specialist Organizations
  2. Procedure For Group Internal And E-mail Usage Procedure
  3. Sop For Software Configuration Management
  4. Procedure for Server Hardening
  5. Procedure for the Management of Removable Media
  6. Procedure for the Handling of Virus Attacks
  7. Information security incident management Procedure
  8. Standard Operating Procedure for Audit trails
  9. SOP for Business Continuity Plan

Benefits of Standard Operating Procedures

  • Establishes guidelines for employees
  • Ensures that all members of the team perform the same task with the same method
  • Provides training support
  • Ensures that production operations are performed consistently
  • Ensures standard compliance
  • Conformity