Archive for the ‘ISO 27001’ Category

ISO 27001 is increasingly adopted in the global world by both internal and external IT organizations. Since there are many small, mid-size and established IT organizations so the standard has helped to differentiate between different IT companies across world.

ISO 27001 Certification demonstrates to existing and potential customers that your organisation has defined and put in place best-practice information security processes. ISO 27001 is the only auditable international standard that defines the requirements of an Information Security Management System (ISMS). Implementing ISO 27001-certified ISMS can help your organisation avoid the penalties and losses associated with data breaches, and comply with legal and regulatory requirements.

The auditors should maintain the knowledge of the state of art and organizational situation. For all issues related to the audit, the ISO 27001 Auditor Training must be given that helps them in being independent in both attitude and appearance. ISO 27001 auditor training helps IT organization to prepare employees to perform ISMS 27001 internal audits on a company ISMS.

Essential Skills/learning in the ISMS – ISO 27001 Auditor training includes the following:

  • Overview of Information security management system.
  • Understanding ISO 27001:2013 system requirements.
  • Understanding Information security related definitions.
  • ISO 27001 documentation – 4 tier document structure.
  • Understanding ISMS internal auditing process.
  • Information Security management techniques.
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The ISO 27001 manual is a mandatory document for ISO 27001 Certification, which maintains Information Security Management System in organization. This is a roof document for ISMS, and it usually includes the ISMS scope, role(s) undertaken by the organization, exclusions from the standard, references to relevant documents, and the business process model.

Basically, there are two approaches for ISO 27001 Information Security Management System (ISMS) Manual:

a) The ISO 27001 Manual could be a document explaining how an organization will meet the ISO 27001 requirements and which procedures will be used in the ISMS, or

b) The ISO 27001 Manual could be a set of all the ISO 27001 documents that are produced for the ISMS – in practice, the idea would be to place all the policies, procedures, working instructions, forms, etc. into a single book so that it is easier to read.

The first approach makes no sense because there is a mandatory document in the ISMS that must describe how a company will implement its information security – it is called Statement of Applicability. It must list all the controls, and define if they are applicable and how they will be implemented. Therefore, the Statement of Applicability has a very similar function to that of the Quality Manual, so an ISO 27001 Manual with the same purpose makes no sense.

Having all the ISMS policies and procedures included into a single ISO 27001 manual makes even less sense – first of all, most companies implementing ISO 27001 use intranet for handling documents, so merging documents in electronic form makes them no easier to read; secondly, the longer the documents, the smaller the chance someone will read them because not every ISMS document is intended for everyone in an organization; and thirdly – since individual ISMS documents change rather often, it would be a nightmare to update such manual so frequently.

If you are planning your ISO 27001 internal audit for the first time, you are probably puzzled by the complexity of the standard and what you should check out during the audit. So, you are looking for some kind of ISO 27001 Audit Checklist to help you with this task.

ISO 27001 Audit Checklist

Although they are helpful to an extent, there is no universal checklist that can fit your company needs perfectly, because every company is very different. However, you can create your own basic ISO 27001 audit checklist, customised to your organisation, without too much trouble.

Some Basics Steps in the ISO 27001 Internal Audit

1. Document review
In this step, you have to read ISO 27001 Documentation. You will need to understand processes in the ISMS, and find out if there are non-conformities in the documentation with regard to ISO 27001

2. Create the checklist
You make a checklist based on document review. i.e., read about the specific requirements of the policies, procedures and plans written in the ISO 27001 documentation and write them down so that you can check them during the main audit

3. Planning the main audit
Since there will be many things you need to check out, you should plan which departments and/or locations to visit and when – and your checklist will give you an idea on where to focus the most.

4. Performing the main audit
The main audit is very practical. You have to walk around the company and talk to employees, check the computers and other equipment, observe physical security, etc. Your previously prepared ISO 27001 audit checklist now proves it’s worth – if this is vague, shallow, and incomplete, it is probable that you will forget to check many key things. And you will need to take detailed notes.

5. Reporting
Once you finish your main audit, Summarize all the non-conformities and write the internal audit report. With the checklist and the detailed notes, a precise report should not be too difficult to write. From this report, corrective actions should be easy to record according to the documented corrective action procedure.

6. Follow up
It’s the internal auditor’s job to check whether all the corrective actions identified during the internal audit are addressed. Your checklist and notes can be very useful here to remind you of the reasons why you raised nonconformity in the first place. The internal auditor’s job is only finished when these are rectified and closed

What to include in your ISO 27001 Audit Checklist

Normally, the checklist for internal audit would contain 4 columns:

Reference – e.g. the clause number, section number of a policy, within the standard.

What to look for – what to examine, monitor, etc., during the main audit – whom to speak to, which questions to ask, records to look for, facilities to visit, equipment to check, etc.

Compliance – Simply, has the company has complied with the requirement?

Findings – Details of what you have found during the main audit – names of persons you spoke to, quotes of what they said, IDs and content of records you examined, description of facilities you visited, observations about the equipment you checked, etc.

So, the internal audit of ISO 27001, based on an ISO 27001 audit checklist, is not that difficult – it is rather straightforward: you need to follow what is required in the standard and what is required in the documentation, finding out whether staff are complying with the procedures.

With a good ISO 27001 audit checklist, your task will certainly be a lot easier.

To implement an ISO 27001 Certification Standard, you will need to implement a series of activities that were described in your document. Once that has been done, you will need to implement another series of steps during the final phase of the project.

The ISO 27001 Certification Audit Process

The ISO 27001 certification audit process is divided into 2 stages.

In Stage 1, the auditor verifies whether your ISO 27001 documentation complies with the standard.

In Stage 2, the auditor verifies that your Information Security Management System (ISMS) operates effectively, as documented and in compliance with ISO 27001.

This underlines the importance of how much you need to be perfect when writing the document according to the clauses of the ISO 27001 Standard. It also stresses the importance of implementing the information security system in your company.

Steps That Should Taken

After all, the proper documentation has been prepared and the implementation of the new business processes has been implemented, then you will need to perform these mandatory tasks before you can perform the actual audit.

  • Internal Audit
  • Management Review
  • Corrective and Preventive Actions

The purpose of an ISO 27001 internal audit is to get an independent auditor to come around and do the auditing and check whether the Information Security System is working properly.

The Management review is a process where the management takes into account all the relevant facts about an information security and make the appropriate decisions.

The company then takes into all the faults and problems that were found out during the internal audit and the management review and take steps to resolve. These are called corrective actions, and these should be taken so that when the time for an audit comes, you won’t have any failures occurring.

Once all of this has been done, you would want to go over everything again, double check it, so that you know that everything is in order before the actual ISO 27001 audit happens. This double check will ensure that every employee will know their task and specialities when the actual audit happens.

ISO 27001 is an international specification or standard for the development and implementation of an information security system, which is often referred to as ISO 27001-compliant ISMS. The ISMS, in turn, as explained in detail by ISO 27001 Consultant, is a framework of policies and procedures of the company for the managing information risks. It includes the physical and technical, as well as legal, controls that must exist for optimal information risks management.

Information Security Management System

Companies that want ISO 27001:2013 Certification will do well to seek advice from experienced ISO 27001 consultants regarding implementation of the ISO 27001 standard. It follows a top-down approach to information risk management and is not specific to any type of technology. Essentially, the standard provides for a comprehensive planning process, which consists of six parts. The first entails defining the security policy, followed by setting the scope of the ISMS. This is followed by a risk assessment and then the management of the risks that were identified. The next phase entails choosing the control objectives and selecting which controls to implement. The final phase in the planning process entails the preparation of a statement of applicability.

The ISO 27001 standard and ISMS provides a framework for information security management best practice that helps organisations to:

  • Protect client and employee information
  • Manage risks to information security effectively
  • Achieve compliance with regulations
  • Protect the company’s brand image

What industries implement ISO 27001:2013?

ISO 27001 Certification is suitable for any organisation, large or small, in any sector. The standard is especially suitable where the protection of information is critical, such as in the banking, financial, health, public and IT sectors. The standard is also applicable to organisations which manage high volumes of data, or information on behalf of other organisations such as data centres and IT outsourcing companies.

Cyber security or Information security is a challenge for companies of all types and sizes. But particularly for IT organizations, which collecting, working, processing and storing information or data of clients, implementing ISMS is a primary requirement. A sensitive approach, and one that has been adopted by many IT companies around the world, is to go to international standards to help. If you refer to be ISO 27001 Certified, you will need to implement effective Information Security Management System (ISMS), which can be an excellent starting point for dealing with IT security and ensuring continued protection against cyber attacks.

What is ISMS?

According to the definition provided in ISO 27001 Certification, the ISMS is “a systematic approach for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving an organisation’s information security to achieve business objectives”.

Why Implement ISMS?

Some companies may falsely believe that they do not need formal ISMS because they have some controls or are implementing modern technology to protect themselves from cyber attacks. However, the benefits of implementing ISMS in accordance with ISO 27001 Certification are much larger than many people perceive or understand.

Here are the nine reasons why you need to implement ISMS in your organization:

  1. It includes people, processes and IT systems, recognizing that information security is not just about antivirus software, but depends on the effectiveness of organisational processes and the people who manage and follow them.
  2. It helps you coordinate your entire security efforts (both electronic and physical) consistent, coherent and convenient manner.
  3. It provides you with a systematic approach to managing risks and enables you to make informed decisions on security investments.
  4. It can be integrated with other management system standards (e.g. ISO 22301, ISO 9001, ISO 14001, etc.) ensuring an effective approach to corporate governance.
  5. It creates better work practices that support business goals by asserting roles and processes that have to be clearly attributed and adhered to.
  6. It requires ongoing maintenance and continual improvement, which ensures that policies and procedures are kept up to date, resulting in better protection for your sensitive information.
  7. It gives you credibility with staff, clients and partner organisations, and demonstrates due diligence.
  8. It helps you comply with corporate governance requirements.
  9. You can evaluate and formally certify according to ISO 27001, which provides additional benefits such as demonstrably credible, customer assurance, and competitive advantage.

Have you ever tried to persuade your management to fund the implementation of information security? If you have got, you almost know its feels – they’ll raise you the way abundant it costs, and if it sounds too costly they’ll say NO.

ISO 27001

Actually, you shouldn’t blame them – after all, their final responsibility is profit of the organization. That means, their each call is predicated on the balance between investment and profit, or to place it in management’s language – ROI (return on investment).

This means you have to do your job before trying to propose such an investment – carefully reflect how to present the benefits, using the management language will understand and approve.

The benefits of information security, particularly the implementation of ISO 27001 are numerous. But the following four are the most important:

  1. Compliance:
  2. It usually shows the fastest “return on investment” – whether an organization must comply with various regulations on data protection, privacy and IT governance (especially in financial, healthcare or governmental organization), ISO 27001 certificate can provide the methodology to do it in the most efficient way.

  3. Marketing Advantage:
  4. In an increasingly competitive market, it is sometimes very difficult to seek out one thing which will differentiate you within the eyes of your customers. ISO 27001 could be without a doubt a one of a kind offering point, particularly in the event that you handle customers’ sensitive information

  5. Reduction of expenditure:
  6. Information security is typically thought of as a cost with no obvious gain. However, there’s economic gain if you lower your expenses caused by incidents. You most likely do have interruption in services, or occasional knowledge escape, or discontent staff. Or discontent former staff.

    The truth is, there’s still no methodology and/or technology to calculate what quantity cash you’ll save if you prevented such incidents. But it always sounds good if you bring these cases to the management’s attention.

  7. Put your business in the end:
  8. This is probably the most underrated – if you are a company that has been growing dramatically in recent years, there may be some issues like – who should decide what, who is responsible for some information activities, must authorize access to information systems, etc.

ISO 27001 is especially great in sorting these things out – which will force you to define responsibilities and duties with extreme precision, and then strengthen your internal organization.

To conclude – ISO 27001 could bring a lot of benefits besides being just another certificate on your wall. In most cases, if you have these benefits clearly, management will start listening.